September 18, 2016

Blogging update

Filed under: Blogging update — acagle @ 2:39 pm

Hey everyone. Sorry for the lack of activity. I’m working through some things lately. Blogging has been one of about most things put on a way back burner. Will try to get things going again.

Again, apologies.

September 6, 2016

Amazing how much a little more work changes things.

Filed under: Uncategorized — acagle @ 1:23 pm

New Findings Have Archaeologists Rethinking Valley of Oaxaca History

The evidence collected during these recent excavations illustrates this adjustment. One significant feature at Lambityeco that underwent a dramatic change was its ball court, an important ceremonial and recreational structure in prehispanic Mesoamerica. Originally, the ball court at Lambityeco (discovered in 2015 by the museum team) was designed and laid out in a pattern that was very similar to the way the ball court in Monte Albán had been; they were built with the same orientation and both were entered on the north side. Less than two centuries later, however, the people of Lambityeco sealed the north entrance to the ball court there, and created a new stairway on one of its corners, a major change. Around the same time the iconic frescos, one of the findings that originally seemed to connect the two settlements, were covered and never re-created.

Feinman was one of my profs at UW-Madison way back in the day.

September 3, 2016

Online articles for free

Filed under: Online publications — acagle @ 8:37 am

Death and Burial

Read ‘em for free until April of next year.

Tom Wolfe does evolution

Filed under: Uncategorized — acagle @ 8:36 am

Tom Wolfe: My Father, the Provocateur

If the direct link doesn’t work, use this one from teh Googles.

I haven’t been following this latest book all that closely, but he seems to be going after both Darwin and Chomsky on language:

Charles Darwin held that the human brain and language evolved together, but my father thinks that speech is an entirely separate phenomenon, unrelated to our physical development.

And unlike the linguist Noam Chomsky, against whom my father also contends in the book, he doesn’t think that language is an innate part of our makeup. He sees it instead as our greatest invention—the code that has made possible all of our other inventions, from the spear to the internet.

“The heart of my thinking is that language is man-made,” he tells me. “It’s not a result of evolution, and it is only language that enables human beings to control nature.”

If you’re from the Rindos/Dunnell school, it’s a distinction without a difference. You can’t have language unless you have the biological capacity for it, so whether we “invented” it or it somehow arose “naturally” it doesn’t really matter: it’s part of the phenotype and will be selected upon regardless of the source of the trait.

August 29, 2016

This is cool.

Filed under: Uncategorized — acagle @ 7:17 pm

Plus it’s fun to type palimpsest: Hidden Images Revealed in Pre-Hispanic Mixtec Manuscript ‘Codex Selden’

Also known as Codex Añute, the manuscript consists of a 16.4-feet (5 m) long strip composed of deer hide that has been covered with gesso, a white plaster made from gypsum and chalk, and folded in a concertina format into a 20-page document.

Researchers have long suspected that Codex Selden is a palimpsest, an older document that has been covered up and reused to make the manuscript that is currently visible.

The manuscript underwent a series of invasive tests in the 1950s when one page on the back was scraped, uncovering a vague image that hinted at the possibility that an earlier Mexican codex lay hidden beneath.

August 25, 2016

Beer: Is there anything it can’t do?

Filed under: Alcohol, Beer — acagle @ 10:11 am

Craft Beer Made With Prehistoric Yeast Is T-Rex Approved

They’re a bit off with the T-Rex reference though.

Here comes Peter Cottontail. . . .

Filed under: Uncategorized — acagle @ 10:09 am

. . .all dressed up in onions, tomatoes, coriander and other delicious spices.

The proto-Aztec bunny farmers of ancient Mexico

A group of anthropologists describe their discovery in PLoS One, filling in details of what appears to be a rabbit farm and butcher shop in a Teotihuacan neighborhood called Oztoyahualco. From roughly the 4th through 6th centuries, this neighborhood was home to an apartment compound that immediately stood out for a few reasons. Several rooms contained an enormous number of cottontail and jackrabbit remains, as well as soil with high phosphate levels that would indicate a lot of blood or fecal matter on the ground. One room had low stone walls “suggestive of a pen for domestic animal management,” the researchers write. Other rooms were full of obsidian blades and rabbit limbs, as if they were part of a butcher shop.

Add all those findings together and you’ve got what appears to be an apartment complex devoted to raising and slaughtering rabbits. One more piece of evidence strengthened the hypothesis: a previous excavation had uncovered an unusual rabbit sculpture (pictured above) on the site. Bunnies were obviously important to the people in this place.

The “onions, tomatoes. . .” bit is actually something from one of my Kenyan colleagues. We’d gotten into an online discussion about what various places do with stray animals in cities, such as dogs in Vietnam (rounded up and eaten) and I eventually produced the famous Baby Goats in Pajamas video to illustrate how we treat out goats here and that is how she described how they dress their goats in Kenya.

August 23, 2016

“Balls,” said the Queen. . . .

Filed under: Uncategorized — acagle @ 7:42 pm

Tool or weapon?

“Our study suggests that the throwing of stones played a key role in the evolution of hunting,” said Bingham, a professor in the IU Bloomington College of Arts and Sciences’ Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences and an author on the study. “We don’t think that throwing is the sole, or even primary, function of these spheroids, but these results show that this function is an option that warrants reconsidering as a potential use for this long-lived, multipurpose tool.”

The use of these stones, which date from between 1.8 million and 70,000 years ago, has puzzled archaeologists since they were unearthed at the Cave of Hearths in South Africa’s Makapan Valley nearly 30 years ago.

I suppose a round rock about the size of one’s hand would be useful in a number of contexts. Chucking it at some jerk you took a dislike to is just one of them.

It’s all in the teeth

Filed under: Public Health — acagle @ 7:35 pm

Kristina K has a nice little summary of some neat research: Irish Teeth Reveal the Chemical Signature of the Great Famine

Even as carbon isotopes increased, the nitrogen isotopes decreased. Archaeologists use nitrogen isotopes to understand the amount of protein in a diet. If you are a carnivore and eat food high on the food chain, you have a higher nitrogen isotope signature than if you are a vegetarian. The drop in nitrogen isotopes the researchers found in the teeth that occurred the introduction of corn does not track with historical records; there is no known change in the protein that the poor were eating at this time.

The high nitrogen values prior to the introduction of corn don’t suggest these people had a lot of meat protein to eat. Instead, these isotopes most likely indicate that their bodies, starving, were in a sense eating themselves, by recycling their own protein and fat. When the Kilkenny workers started eating corn, their nitrogen values dropped as their bodies were able to use corn for survival.

Can’t say much about the conclusions, but I like the analysis.

August 17, 2016

And this is even coolerer.

Filed under: Uncategorized — acagle @ 1:02 pm

Hear The Epic of Gilgamesh Read in the Original Akkadian and Enjoy the Sounds of Mesopotamia

There’s an embedded link to even more there. I like this. Not sure of the accuracy of the pronunciation — I don’t know anything about how they came up with it — but it’s weirdly familiar but different at the same time. Alien.

And for the ladies, here is an artist’s conception of what an ancient Akkadian may have looked like:

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